How much tax will I pay on my income in 2021/22?
An element of your income will be tax free, this is known as the Personal Allowance.
For the tax year 2021/22 the Personal Allowance will increase from £12,500 to £12,570 and then this allowance will be frozen until 2026 as announced in the 2021 Budget.
The freezing of the Personal Allowance could result in over 1.3 million more people paying income tax by 2026 as salary increases could result in them exceeding the Personal Allowance.
Your income that falls above the Personal Allowance but below the Higher Rate Threshold will be taxed at 20%. We explain more about the Higher RateThreshold below.
Higher Rate Threshold
Earnings above the Higher Rate Threshold will be taxed at 40%. For the tax year 2021/22 the Higher Rate Threshold will increase from £50,000 to £50,270 and then this allowance will be frozen until 2026 as announced in the 2021 Budget. The freezing of the Higher Rate Threshold could result in around 1 million more people paying the higher rate of 40% on some of their earnings as salary increases move their income over the Higher Rate Threshold.
Additional Rate Threshold
Earnings above the Additional Rate Threshold will be taxed at 45%. For the tax year 2021/22 the Additional Rate Threshold is £150,000 and will remain at this level until 2026.
Reduced Personal Allowance
If an individual’s total income is in excess of £100,000 their Personal Allowance will be reduced by £1 for every £2 earned above £100,000 per tax year and will be zero for those earning £125,000 or more.
The Marriage Allowance allows an individual to transfer up to £1,250 of unused Personal Allowance to a husband, wife or civil partner which can reduce their income tax bill by up to £250.
Blind Person’s Allowance
The Blind Person’s Allowance is an additional tax-free allowance for blind individuals of £2,500 (2021/22). This allowance can be transferred to a spouse or civil partner if the individual's Personal Allowance has not been fully used.
Child Benefit Charge
The Child Benefit Charge is paid if you or your partner are in receipt of Child Benefit and either of you has an individual income in excess of £50,000.
A tax charge will be levied at the rate of 1% of the Child Benefit received for every £100 of personal income between £50,000 and £60,000.
Summary of income tax rates and thresholds
|Type of allowance||2021/22||Tax rate|
|Higher Rate Threshold||£50,270||40%|
|Additional Rate Threshold||£150,000||45%|
|Reduced Personal Allowance||Above £100,000 Personal Allowance||Personal Allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 earned|
|Marriage Allowance||Transfer up to £1,250 of unused Personal Allowance to spouse or civil partner||N/A|
|Blind Person's Allowance||Additional personal Allowance of £1,250||N/A|
|Child Benefit Charge||Levied if either partner has income over £50,000,||Reduction of 1% of benefit received for every £100 of income between £50,000 and £60,000.|
How much tax will I pay on my savings in 2021/22?
Personal Savings Allowance
The Personal Savings Allowance is a tax-free allowance in addition to your Personal Allowance that lets you earn interest on your savings without paying tax. Basic-rate (20%) taxpayers: can earn an extra earn £1,000 in savings interest per year with no tax, Higher-rate (40%) can earn an extra £500 and there is no additional allowance available for Upper-rate taxpayers.
Starting rate for savings
If your income is less than £17,500 you may also be entitled to an extra £5,000 of interest without paying tax. This allowance reduces by £1 for every £1 of income above your Personal Allowance
How much tax will I pay on dividends I receive in 2021/22?
Dividends are paid to shareholders from a company's profits. Dividends can only be paid from profits available from the company's current or previous financial years.
The amount of tax you will pay on dividends depends on your income as follows:
|Basic-rate taxpayer||Higher-rate taxpayer||Upper-rate taxpayer|
|Dividends up to £2,000 in tax year||Nil||Nil||Nil|
|Dividends paid over £2,000 in tax year||7.5%||32.5%||38.1%|
How much National Insurance contributions will I pay on my income in 2021/22?
National Insurance Contributions are mandatory if you are over the age of 16 and are payable if you are either:
- Employed and earning in excess of £183 per week
- Self-employed and making a profit of at least £6,475 per year
National Insurance contributions qualify you for a State Pension and certain other benefits. To receive a State Pension on retirement you will need a minimum of 10 years contributions with 35 years contributions required to receive a full State Pension. Any shortfall in the qualifying years can be made up with voluntary contributions.
The amount of National Insurance contributions an individual pays will depend on their income and employment status as follows:
|Status||NI Class||Threshold||NI rate|
|Employed||Class 1||Earnings between £183 and £962 per week||12%|
|Employed||Class 1||Earnings over £962 per week||2%|
|Self-employed||Class 2||Annual profits of £6,475 or more||£3.05 per week|
|Self-employed||Class 4||Annual profits between £9,501 and £50,000||9%|
|Self-employed||Class 4||Annual profits over £50,000||2%|